Imam Ghazali Books

Islamic history is lucky enough to have Mujjahids and Sufis who have contributed their wisdom towards Islamic literature and have caused thousand of heart to get attached with Islam. Al-Ghazali was the most respected Mujjahid of Islam who has signified the meaning of oneness and have caused a common man to understand it. Imam Ghazali books are written on science, Islamic reasoning and Sufism. He was the most important and influential philosopher, theologians, jurists and mystics of Sunni Islam. Al-Ghazali writings are focused to explain Islam through science that caused thousand of people to believe. He was titled as "Proof of Islam".

Early Life:

Imam Ghazali, Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ghazālī was born on AH 448 (1056/7) in in Tabaran, a town in the district of Tus. He belonged to the family of religious and Sufi people. His father died leaving him and his younger brother Ahmad alone in the care of a Sufi. Imam Ghazali took his early education in fiqh from a local teacher Ahmad al-Radhakani. Later he got under the teachings of al-Juwayni, the outstanding Muslim Scholar of his time.

Career:

After the death of al-Juwayni, he left Nishapur and joined the court of Nizam al-Mulk. Shortly Nizam-al-Mulk advanced Ghazali to take care of Nizamiyya madrasa in Baghdad. After few years in 1095, he left his career and went to Mecca for pilgrimage. Then after a year he cam back to Tus to spend several years of service in uzla(The seclusion) but meanwhile he continued to teach in zawiya (private madrasa) and khanqah (Sufi monastery) that he had built. 

Imam Ghazali writings:

Al-Ghazali contributed significantly to the development of a systematic view of Sufism and its integration and acceptance in mainstream Islam. As a scholar of orthodox Islam, he belonged to the Shafi'i school of Islamic jurisprudence and to the Asharite school of theology. Al-Ghazali played a noteworthy part in spreading Sufism and Sharia. He was the first to consolidate the ideas of Sufism into Sharia laws and the first to give a formal depiction of Sufism in his works. His works fortify the position of Sunni Islam, contrasted with different schools of thought. Al-Ghazali strongly rejected their ideology and wrote several books on criticism of Baatinyas which significantly weakened their status.  A total of about 60 works can be attributed to Al-Ghazali.

List of some of his writings:

  • al-Munqidh min al-dalal (Rescuer from Error)
  • Hujjat al-Haq (Proof of the Truth)
  • Al-Iqtisād fī al-iʿtiqad (The Moderation in Belief)
  • al-maqsad al-asna fi sharah asma' Allahu al-husna (The best means in explaining Allah's Beautiful Names)
  • Jawahir al-Qur'an wa duraruh (Jewels of the Qur'an and its Pearls)
  • Fayasl al-tafriqa bayn al-Islam wa-l-zandaqa (The Criterion of Distinction between Islam and Clandestine Unbelief)
  • Mishkat al-Anwar (The Niche for Lights), a commentary on the Verse of Light)
  • Tafsir al-yaqut al-ta'wil
  • Mizan al-'amal (Criterion of Action)
  • Ihya'e Ulum-ed'Deen, "The Revival of the Religious Sciences"
  • Bidayat al-hidayah (Beginning of Guidance)
  • Kimiya-yi sa'ādat (The Alchemy of Happiness) [a résumé of Ihya'ul ulum, in Persian]
  • Nasihat al-muluk (Counseling Kings) [in Persian]
  • al-Munqidh min al-dalal (Rescuer from Error)
  • Minhaj al-'Abidin (Methodology for the Worshipers)
  • Maqasid al falasifa (Aims of the Philosophers)
  • Tahafut al-Falasifa (The Incoherence of the Philosophers)
  • Miyar al-Ilm fi fan al-Mantiq (Criterion of Knowledge in the Art of Logic)
  • Mihak al-Nazar fi al-mantiq (Touchstone of Reasoning in Logic)
  • al-Qistas al-mustaqim (The Correct Balance)
  • Fatawy al-Ghazali (Verdicts of al-Ghazali)
  • Al-wasit fi al-mathab (The medium [digest] in the Jurisprudential school)
  • Kitab tahzib al-Isul (Prunning on Legal Theory)
  • al-Mustasfa fi 'ilm al-isul (The Clarified in Legal Theory)
  • Asas al-Qiyas (Foundation of Analogical reasoning)
  • The Jerusalem Tract

 

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